Emergency Preparedness is essential to ensure safety in the petroleum activities. Quality - and the ability to improve organisation, technology and personnel on all levels of the organisation - are key factors.
In order to handle hazard and accident situations, the industry must at all times maintain an effective emergency preparedness (link: Section 9-2 of the Petroleum Act). The emergency preparedness covers both technical, operational and/or organisational aspects.
To the extent it is relevant, the enterprise must establish measures for the five emergency preparedness phases:
In addition comes emergency preparedness in order to reduce or counteract the environmental consequences of acute pollution if this should take place.
Robust emergency preparedness organisations have enough personnel, competent personnel and personnel which satisfy mental and physical safety requirements.
The operator must ensure immediate and coordinated notification of hazard and accident situations to the authorities. Furthermore, hazard and accident situations which can result in damage or pollution shall be reported and investigated to prevent recurrences. Situations which often occur or which have great actual or potential consequences must be investigated by the operator.
An efficient emergency preparedness must be maintained for the land facilities with a view towards handling hazard and accident situations. Necessary measures must be implemented to prevent and reduce harmful effects. The emergency preparedness must be coordinated, also with public emergency preparedness resources. The emergency preparedness organisation must be robust, so that it is able to handle hazard and accident situations in an efficient manner.